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Decoding Alberta's Pipeline Revolution: An Analysis of the First Comprehensive Update Since 2005

Updated: Dec 7, 2023


With a span of almost two decades since Alberta's last Pipeline Rules (the “Rules”) update in 2005, the province's pipeline sector is experiencing a groundbreaking change. This marks the first comprehensive update to the province's Pipeline Rules since 2005. In the heart of Canada's energy landscape, these regulatory changes aim to elevate safety, environmental responsibility, and operational efficiency, demanding a meticulous understanding from industry. Let's delve into some of these updates, providing a detailed analysis that shapes the future of pipeline operations in Alberta.

Temporary Surface Pipelines: Navigating Exemptions

Temporary surface pipelines, vital for water conveyance in many operations, now come with exemptions, offering more deployment flexibility. However, it's crucial to highlight that Directive 077 approval is mandatory for pipelines conveying specific water types or used for well testing or bypass. This dual approach aims to facilitate essential operations while maintaining a vigilant stance on safety.

Safety and Loss Management System and Integrity Management Program: Aligning with CSA Z662

Alberta's unwavering commitment to safety is underscored by explicit reference to mandatory adherence to CSA Z662 for Safety and Loss Management Systems (SLMS) and Integrity Management Program (IMP). This shift from prescriptive requirements to more program-and standards based requirements underscores the importance of understanding CSA Z662: Oil and Gas Pipeline Systems extensively.

Transfer of Pipeline Records: Fostering Accountability

Updates to section 12 and 13 of the Rules emphasize the importance of comprehensive record-keeping, mandating licensees to maintain records related to pipeline design, materials, construction, and more. For companies unable to pass on adequate pipeline records, potential challenges in regulatory compliance actions loom.

Financial Information

An often overlooked update is the inclusion of a new requirement for licensees to provide financial information under section 16 of the Rules. This mandates licensees to provide financial information to the Regulator as directed. The purposes outlined in the section span assessing eligibility, liability management programs, and ensuring responsible development and closure. This holistic approach aligns financial health with broader goals, potentially signaling a shift in how the AER evaluates a licensee's suitability based on current financial status.

Design for Maintenance, Inspection, and Purging Pigs

Revisions in Part 2 of the Rules mark a transition to a more proactive approach in pipeline management by incorporating pigging into design, maintenance, and cleaning processes of new pipelines. This strategic integration aims to enhance the enduring reliability and efficiency of pipeline operations. Additionally, companies will now be obligated to reassess existing pipelines relating to pigging activities when implementing modifications to pipeline operations.

Minimum Earth Cover and Ground Disturbance: Striking a Balance

The regulations outline minimum earth cover requirements, emphasizing compliance with CSA Z662 or engineering assessments for sufficient protection. Part 4 introduces provisions for trenchless excavation techniques, reflecting a forward-thinking approach to industry practices and environmental stewardship.

Leak Reporting Exemption: Strategic Incident Reporting

Recognizing the diversity of incidents, the regulations introduce a limited exemption for reporting specific on-installation releases. This exemption applies to low-volume (no more than 2 cubic meters), low-risk incidents that don't indicate broader pipeline integrity issues, allowing companies to strategically allocate resources.

Discontinuance, Abandonment, and Removal: Strategic Management of Inactive Pipelines

Section 71(1) of the Rules grants companies an additional 12 months before they are obligated to take specific actions – such as discontinuation, abandonment, or restoration to active service. This extension underscores the heightened significance of the requirements outlined in a company’s IMP during this period.

Pipeline Removal: A New Regulatory Approach Trust and Verify

Licensees can now seek Regulator approval within 90 days for the removal of a pipeline, aligning with discontinuation and abandonment processes if they meet stringent requirements. Section 74 introduces the possibility of preserving underground tie-ins during discontinuation or abandonment of an entire pipeline system, contingent on Regulator approval.


As Alberta's Pipeline Rules undergo a transformation, companies must navigate the nuanced landscape of these updates if they want to avoid the ongoing costs of noncompliance.

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